Collective_Bargaining+Slides+2009

Collective_Bargaining+Slides+2009 - COLLECTIVE BARGAINING...

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COLLECTIVE  BARGAINING ©Amy J. Bahruth School of Management and Labor Relations Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
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What is Collective Bargaining? Definition The  mechanism  for organized  groups of workers and their  employers to negotiate an  agreement to:   Resolve conflicting interests  Pursue agreement over   common interests. Goals Sign a Collective Bargaining  Agreement (CBA) or CONTRACT. Avoid work stoppages such as  strikes and lockouts. Empower the workforce to make  decisions in their employment. The provisions of contract are:        Binding  on both sides for a mutually acceptable period of time.      Enforceable  through procedures such as the grievance procedure,  arbitration, the National Labor Relations Board, or finally, state or federal  courts.
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National Labor Relations Act (1935)  AKA Wagner Act Congress declares that it is the policy of the  United States to encourage the practice of  collective bargaining. Creates the National Labor Relations Board  (NLRB) to determine representation elections  and to investigate unfair labor practices.
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Incentives to Sign a CBA Management Work stoppages are  very costly. Work stoppages can  lead to bad publicity or  poor business  reputation. Impasse resolution can  be costly. Union Strikes are costly for  local and national  union. Possibility of being  replaced by scabs. Bargaining Committee  must face re-election.
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Management Strengths Labor law mostly on their side Ability to hire scabs and  security Deep pockets Media is generally anti-union. Evolution of Human Resource  policies that attempt to lure  employees away from unions. Labor law mostly on their side Ability to hire scabs and  security Deep pockets Media is generally anti-union. Evolution of Human Resource  policies that attempt to lure  employees away from unions. Union Strengths SOLIDARITY! Coalitions Community Religious leaders Other unions Direct action Civil disobedience Picketing Mass marches Right to strike SOLIDARITY! Coalitions Community Religious leaders Other unions Direct action Civil disobedience Picketing Mass marches Right to strike
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Bargaining Strategies Adversarial or Traditional Bargaining: Based on the premise that the outcome of negotiations creates winners  and losers, and both parties use any available leverage to make sure they  are the winners  Win/Win or Interest-Based Bargaining: Frames negotiation as joint problem-solving to resolve each party's  underlying issues, needs, and concerns.  The process works by encouraging the parties to focus on interests, not 
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course 575 101 taught by Professor Magyar during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Collective_Bargaining+Slides+2009 - COLLECTIVE BARGAINING...

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