Child Dev Exam 2 - Child Development.-Test 2 Notes:...

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Child Development.---Test 2 Notes: “Cognitive Development”: How we grow and change in our abilities to think. the process involved in acquiring knowledge. change along and orderly path, involving both physical structures and heavier (physical structures of the brain) increasingly complex The Brain: Neonatal Behavioral Scale: T. Berry Brazelton Assesses neurological development Tests reflexes State changes Responses to physical and social stimuli Neural Elaboration- The connections that the neurons have made @ birth. (blinking of the eye). You are building the connections of neurons over time. More experience, much denser nerve cells. We used to think : that what happened to you in early childhood wasn’t as important to you as to what comes after. that how the brain develops is dependant on the genes you are born with. That a secure relationship with a primary caregiver creates a favorable context for early development and learning. Brain development is linear: The brain’s capacity to learn and change grows steadily as an infant progresses toward adulthood. A toddler’s brain is much less active than the brain of a college student We now think: How a brain develops hinges on a complex interplay between the genes you’re born with and the experiences you have. Early experiences have a decisive impact on the architecture of the brain, and on the nature and extend of adult capacities. Early interactions don’t just create a context, they directly affect the way the brain is “wired”. Brain development is non linear: there are prime times for acquiring different kinds of knowledge and skills. By the time children reach age three, their brains are twice as active as those of adults. Activity levels drop during adolescence.
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Things all babies need: 1) Interaction 2) Touch- sends signals to the brain to help it grow. Helps build patterns of neuronal activity in the brain. 3) Stable Relationship- the presence of a loving caregiver has a physical effect. A loving relationship can sets off levels of stress. Stress if left unchecked can cause much pain to the children’s development. You are born with six billion brain cells. How do we get information into our brain? Through our sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Those are the neural connections that feed the information to our brain. Those beginning experiences are provided by the caregiver. The person providing the experience creates the context. 1. The sense of sight- the first controlled physical development: This is the first controlled movement we have. WE learn to move our eyes to see things very quickly. We know that within the first couple of hours after birth that the baby can concentrate on someone else’s face. They watch human faces and they can imitate mouth movements. (Water bottle with beads in it…fun for child) 2. The sense of hearing- they have some recognition of things they hear In utero. (ex. Mother playing instrument for baby within
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Child Dev Exam 2 - Child Development.-Test 2 Notes:...

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