Child Dev Exam 3 - Child Development: Test 3! Social-...

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Child Development: Test 3! Social- Emotional Development: 1. INNATE/GENETIC ASPECT OF HUMAN EMOTIONS: The first communication that any of us ever make is an emotional expression, 1. Crying. It is a reflex (a noise) that says “this isn’t right” or “ I am uncomfortable” or “my world has changed”. It is an expression of terror and pain. They have no event they are associating it with, it I a global emotion that is of distress. Around 2 months, we develop a 2. Smile 1. Endogenous smile: It isn’t associated with no kind of emotional experience. It is thought to be a result of some kind of stimulation to our CNS that makes our mouth go up. This happens a lot when babies are in REM sleep. It is generally a coincidence that the baby makes this facial expression. When they make this face and people respond to it, they start to notice people’s responses to it. They make this face accidently and people get very excited about it, so they develop an 2. Exogenous smile: Emerges around 2 months, and by the end of the 3 rd month, the endogenous smile has disappeared. As the smile emerges, crying is going to decrease. Babies now have the opportunity to experience something more than distress and express other feelings. The external stimulus that prompts this exogenous smile, is another human face in close contact. (someone smiling at you, in front of you). They are going to be responsive to that person, at the moment, who is right in front of them. C. Facial Expressions: Carol Izard (1982) Went around the world studying facial expressions to see that all of us make the same facial expressions when we feel a certain way. He did this so that he could say that when preverbal children make a facial expression, they are indeed feeling in a
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particular way. Wants to see if he can get a view into a child’s emotions before they can even talk. He thinks these innate emotions are linked to facial expressions. Studied hundred of babies and they made the same expressions when inflicted with pain. Came up with a coding systems, (divides facial expressions based on nerves in face) (Nerves in certain way are in a certain placement= sadness, nerves in another way in another placement=in anger) All of these begin with a neutral face. There is an innate timetable for how children handle distress. Tempermanent: Infantial tempermant- An inborn genetic predisposition to respond to stimuli in a certain way. There is a bit of irregularity or imcompleteness of development in certain people when they are born due to an inborn tolerance to certain touches, etc. Two doctors observed babies in 9 different areas and assessed them. In this situation, they are looking at similar things. They found that about 40% of babies are born with an easy
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HDF 313 taught by Professor Dontremember during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Child Dev Exam 3 - Child Development: Test 3! Social-...

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