Child Dev Exam 4

Child Dev Exam 4 - Childhood Development Exam 4 Lecture 17...

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April 12, 2010 Childhood Development Exam 4 Lecture 17 Middle Childhood : a long period of equilibrium - Roughly 6-10 years old - Active sports a quality in middle childhood / also games like board games o This comes from being able to hold several ideas in your head, and thinking logically - Physical development o Growth rate slows from childhood o Muscles grow in strength (sports); not growing bigger but stronger o Developmental change is really slow; growth rate slows down considerably - Cognitive development o Concrete operational: o Logical reasoning: you can think logically and hold more than one infer in your head § This allows you to learn about rules—goes on with your ability to do sports - Socio-emotional development o Conflict between industry vs. inferiority § Feeling that you are capable of things vs. feeling like you can do things § You do things that you feel you are good at o Age where you make collection of things and making models; just busy doing things o More about product rather than process
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Adolescence - Physical development o Change begins as early as 10 (10.5 is average for girls) to 12 (12.5 is average for boys) o Rapid skeletal and sexual maturation / puberty - Cognitive Development o Between 11-15, we move from concrete operational to formal operational o Abstract reasoning o Capable of hypothetical thinking and deductive reasoning o Heightened idealism - Adolescent egocentrism o Imaginary audience —you think everyone is looking at you o Personal fable about one’s uniqueness o A sense of being indestructible o It’s really that you are the center of the universe and you are what matters - 2 phase of adolescence cognition 1. Assimilation phase: overwhelmed by reality 1. We start to realize how tough life is; responsibility 2. They become withdrawn; they retreat 2. Accommodation phase: consolidation of thought / intellectual balance restored 1. As they get older and learn more, there is disequilibrium 2. They begin to accept that this is how life is 3. They take on reality as fact instead of something that is frightening 4. This thinking is essential to move on as an adult and that’s why we can say when it starts, but it is hard to say when
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adolescence ends—ppl move on through this at different times - Adolescence Socio-emotional development: o Personality development § Socialization / individuation : Task: establish their independence from their home and family This mediated /rests on by self- understanding (cognitive) The same as in middle childhood Defines self in terms of talents, psychological characteristics, social characteristics, and social comparison - Adolescence Self-understanding : o Abstract, idealistic self-deception § We feel conflicted bc we act differently in different situations / different personas with friends then with parents and / or teachers
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HDF 313 taught by Professor Dontremember during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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Child Dev Exam 4 - Childhood Development Exam 4 Lecture 17...

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