Abnormal Psych – History, Approaches, Clinical assessment & diagnosis; Anxiety, Somatofo

Abnormal Psych – History, Approaches, Clinical assessment & diagnosis; Anxiety, Somatofo

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Unformatted text preview: B & D Chapter 1 Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context Psychological Disorders Characterized by: Psychological Dysfunction Personal Distress Distressing to person or someone around them Atypical or Not Culturally Expected Psychopathology The scientific study of psychological disorders Describe disorders, determine their causes, and treat them Important vocabulary Prevalence: # in population with a disorder Lifetime: Individuals with the disorder at any point in their life Global Incidence of Psychopathology Half of the US population will qualify for a disorder in their lifetime Could be short-lived or lifetime A quarter of the population meets the criteria for a disorder in any given year 1 in 3 people with a disorder in the US has received some sort of treatment 200,000 mental health professionals in the US to treat 300 million people Kessler & Wang, 2008 Supernatural Tradition of Psychopathology Abnormal behavior was often seen as a result of: Evil (i.e. witches, demons) Mental or emotional stress Movement of the moon and stars Biological Tradition of Psychopathology Hippocrates Psychological disorders can be treated just like any other disease Four Humours Yellow bile, black bile, blood, phlegm Syphilis Symptoms of syphilis are similar to psychosis Madness of syphilis caused by a curable infection Focus on biological etiology led to very Psychological Tradition of Psychopathology Psychosocial treatments developed that addressed psychological, social, and cultural factors leading to psychopathology Moral therapy emphasized positive interactions and eliminated restraining or secluding individuals Declined with influx of immigrants and increase in mental health awareness Psychoanalytic Theory & Freud Hypnotism was made popular by Anton Mesmer (Mesmerism) and gained the attention of Sigmund Freud Hypnotism seemed to allow individuals to remember information that they could not recall while they were conscious The unconscious mind has an influence on the development of psychological disorders Freuds Structure of the Mind Id Pleasure principle: Maximize pleasure and minimize tension Primary process: Thinking that is emotional, irrational, illogical, aggressive and greedy. Superego Moral principle: Acts as our conscience; tells us when were doing wrong Sole purpose is to counteract the dangerous drives of the Id. Ego Reality principle: Makes sure we act in a realistic way Keeps peace; mediator Secondary process: Thinking that is Intrapsychic Conflict!!!! Freuds Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanisms keep unconscious conflicts in check so the ego can maintain equilibrium Denial Refusing to acknowledge thoughts, feelings, or facts Displacement Transferring an uncomfortable feeling from one object to another, less threatening object Projection Attributing unacceptable feelings to another person/object Freuds Psychosexual...
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Abnormal Psych – History, Approaches, Clinical assessment & diagnosis; Anxiety, Somatofo

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