Abnormal Psych - Sexual & gender identity, Substance-Related & impulse control, Personality

Abnormal Psych - Sexual & gender identity, Substance-Related & impulse control, Personality

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Unformatted text preview: B & D Chapter 10 Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Topics to be covered General concepts of sexuality Gender Identity Disorder Sexual Dysfunction Paraphilias Normal and Abnormal Sexuality Like our definition of psychopathology, abnormal sexual behavior often depends on cultural and societal norms Sexual attraction and behavior often associated with evolutionary mandates also determined by cultural practices or scripts Surveys of behavior seem to be our best tools in determining what these norms are Normal Sexuality Heterosexual behavior more common than homosexual behavior % of women and % men report some homosexual attractions or behavior Men are more likely than women to have more sexual partners Sexuality continues into old age Gender Differences in Sexuality Men Engage in masturbation more than women Have more permissive attitudes towards casual sex and pornography use Tend to have more sexual partners and engage in intercourse more frequently Engage in sexual activity at an earlier age Demonstrate more specific and narrow patterns of arousal Men specifically attracted to either men or women. Women is more likely to be flexible in being attracted to both or either Gender Differences in Sexuality 1. Men show more sexual desire and arousal 2. Women emphasize committed relationships as a context for sex 3. Mens sexual self-concept is characterized partly by power, independence, and aggression 4. Womens sexual beliefs are more plastic (more easily shaped by cultural/social/situational factors) Peplau, 2003 Sexual Orientation Biological contributions Genetics: Genes account for 34-39% of orientation for males, 18-19% for females Hormone Exposure in Utero Different Brain Structures Environment also contributes heavily Like any behavior, sexual orientation is not determined by one factor vulnerabilities may exist, but not deterministic factors Gender Identity Disorder Criteria A. Strong and persistent cross-gender identification 1. Repeatedly stated desire to be or insistence that one is the other sex 2. Wearing clothing stereotypical to the opposite gender 3. Preferences for cross-sex roles in play or fantasies of being the other sex 4. Desire to participate in games and pastimes stereotypical of the other sex 5. Preference for friends of the other sex Gender Identity Disorder Criteria B. Discomfort with their own sex or sense of inappropriateness in that gender role Boys Assertion that their genitalia are disgusting and may disappear Rejection of gender typical activities and/or toys Girls Rejection of urinating in sitting position Assertion that they have or will grow male genitalia Assertion that they will not grow breasts or menstruate Aversions towards feminine clothing Gender Identity Disorder Criteria C. Not concurrent with a physical intersex C....
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course PSY 439 taught by Professor Kreigshauser during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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Abnormal Psych - Sexual & gender identity, Substance-Related & impulse control, Personality

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