Reconstruction

Reconstruction - Reconstruction Began well before the end...

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Unformatted text preview: Reconstruction Began well before the end of the Civil War Lincoln was aware that he was a minority president with little strength in the South The return of the South to the Union would weaken the Republicans Lincoln hoped a generous peace would attract Southerners to the party Lincolns Plan (1863-1865) Began in territory conquered by the Union Army Required: A minimum of 10% of the voters in the 1860 election to take a loyalty oath States could then organize a government and write a new constitution Lincoln worked to reassure Southerners No mass arrests Presidential Reconstruction Radical Republicans in Congress thought Lincoln much too lenient Were disturbed that Lincoln had not included Congress in formulating Reconstruction policy Lincoln argued the rebellious states had never actually left the Union Radicals argued that the seceded states had left the Union and had ceased to exist which meant Congress was responsible for setting the terms of reentry Wade-Davis Bill Lincoln pocket-vetoes Lincolns assassination means that he had little time to formulate a post-war Reconstruction policy. Presidential Reconstruction With Lincolns death, the initiative passed to his Vice-President, Andrew Johnson Radicals expected him to uphold their position, a view reinforced by Johnsons talking about trying Confederates and breaking up planters estates But Johnson supported states rights and decentralization, along with other ideas that put him at odds with Congressional Radicals At first, Johnson seemed to be following Lincolns policy of bringing states back in quickly Loyalty oath => restoration of property, political and civil rights Excluded Confederate high officials and planter aristocracy Johnson was more lenient than Lincoln Didnt require southern states to: Repeal their ordinances of secession Presidential Reconstruction Failure of Johnsons program Southern delegates to state constitutional conventions did not follow Johnsons recommendations Black Codes Denied freedmen political and civil rights Incensed Northerners Southern voters elected officials who were prominent Confederate leaders Johnson faced a choice Call for new elections in the South or admit that a different plan was needed Instead, he declared Reconstruction successfully completed But many in Congress considered it a failure Presidential REconstruction Congress was not unified on the issue of Reconstruction A small number of Democrats and conservative Republican backed...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Christopherprobst during the Fall '11 term at MO St. Louis.

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Reconstruction - Reconstruction Began well before the end...

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