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2012-01-18 Breeds and Terminology

2012-01-18 Breeds and Terminology - Breeds and Terminology...

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Breeds and Terminology Dr. N. Matthew Ellinwood, D.V.M., Ph.D. January 19, 2012 IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND LIFE
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Objectives Terminology specific to dogs and cats Sex, external anatomy, etc. Breeds and breed history Registries, class within registries, etc. Coat color, body types, etc specific to dogs and cats Examples of breeds Introduction to cat and dog showing
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Terminology Canine Male Dog, Sire, Stud Female Bitch, Dam Young Pup, litter Parturition Whelp Feline Male Tom Female Queen Young Kitten, litter Parturition Queening, Kindling
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History of the Domestic Dog Domesticated ~ 15,000 years ago Domestic dogs no longer seeing admixture of wolf genetics Likely coincidental with the development of animal agricuture ~9,000 years ago “Types” emerge as early as 4,500 years ago
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History of the Domestic Dog Fossil remains identify five distinct types ( not breeds ) of early domestic dogs - c. 4500 BC: Mastiff types * Wolf-like types * Greyhound types # Sheepdog types * Pointer types * * genetic data support grouping # genetically grouped with Sheepdogs
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Mastiff type dogs Originated from large wolves from sub-arctic regions
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Wolf type dogs Wolf like dogs with erect ears, curling tails, including sled dogs, asian lap dogs, and basenjis
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Lapphund
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Iceland Dog
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Greyhound type dogs Sight hounds Dolicocephalic (their head shape)
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Pointer type dogs Medium sized hunting dog, ancestral to many European Breeds
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