AnS 319 Carbohydrate Metabolism definitions

AnS 319 Carbohydrate Metabolism definitions - Occurs...

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Confusing Terms in  Carbohydrate Metabolism
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Glucose The most important monosaccharide in  animal nutrition Cellular uptake of this hexose is  regulated by insulin; blood levels are  regulated by insulin and glucagon Broken down to two trioses (pyruvate)  during glycolysis, ultimately generating  over 30 ATP if fully oxidized
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Glycolysis The process in cell metabolism by  which carbohydrates and sugars,  especially glucose, are broken down,  producing two ATP and two pyruvate  molecules
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Gluconeogenesis The formation of glucose from non- carbohydrate sources, such as amino  acids, lactate, glycerol, pyruvate and  propionate Never uses fatty acids to generate glucose 
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Unformatted text preview: Occurs primarily in the liver Glycogen A storage form of glucose in animals Animal starch Breakdown stimulated by (among other things) glucagon Glycogenesis The formation of glycogen from monosaccharides in the body, esp. glucose Glucose molecules connected by alpha 1,4 linkages and numerous alpha 1,6 branch points Glycogenolysis The biochemical breakdown of glycogen to glucose Stimulated by glucagon (among other things) Glucagon A hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to low blood glucose Stimulates breakdown of glycogen to glucose Stimulates gluconeogenesis...
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This document was uploaded on 02/14/2012.

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AnS 319 Carbohydrate Metabolism definitions - Occurs...

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