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Chapter 8 Lecture

Chapter 8 Lecture - Definition The Newspaper Industry...

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3/28/11 1 The Newspaper Industry Chapter 8 Definition Chapter #8 Newspapers •Printed products •Created on a weekly or daily basis •Released in multiple copies. 1600s Britain Chapter #8 Newspapers did not exist before the invention of the printed press (1440) 1600s – restrictions on press for fear of sedition. Europe: Merchants main audience for newspapers. 1700s British Colonies (America) Chapter #8 Newspaper publishers - governors. James Franklin – New England Courant 1736 – John Peter Zenger and Andrew Hamilton Truth as defense against libel charges.
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3/28/11 2 1700s – Adversarial Press Chapter #8 Adversarial Press – has the ability to argue with (against) the government Published criticism of British colonial policy of taxation with representation. The First Amendment, 1791 Chapter #8 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press … 1790 - 1830 Chapter #8 1829 ~ 512 newspapers •Published by small printing companies run as family businesses •Partisan •Major social/political forum •Circulation and market.
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3/28/11 3 Thomas Jefferson – Antifederalist Partisan Newspaper The Penny Press, 1830 - 65 Chapter #8 Social & Technological Changes •Steam-powered cylinder press •Low-cost paper •Rise of the common man •Increased literacy rates. The Penny Press, 1830 - 65 Chapter #8 The Penny Press Newspapers produced in the early 1830s that were sold on the street at 1 penny/ copy.
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3/28/11 4 Benjamin Day s New York Sun (est. 1833) The Penny Press, 1830 - 65 Chapter #8 Profit Orientation •Used hawkers to distribute •Sold more space to advertisers because of higher circulation •Publishers invested in news coverage. The Penny Press, 1830 - 65 Chapter #8 New approach to news •Actively sought out news (newsgathering) •Hired reporters •Introduced new sections to appeal to different readers •New jargon of reporting (byline, dateline, headlines) •Inverted pyramid style of reporting.
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