Chapter 12 Lecture (1)

Chapter 12 Lecture (1) - 4/24/11 19th Century Chapter 12...

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4/24/11 1 Chapter 12 The Motion Picture Industry 19 th Century Chapter #12 Experiments using persistence of vision to simulate movement. 1878 – Edward Muybridge ` s sequential photo of a horse in motion. Chapter #12 19 th Century 1889 – Thomas Edison captured motion picture with only 1 camera. Kinetoscope – coin-operated box to view his films. Chapter #12 19 th Century 1894 – Louis and Auguste Lumiere – created movie camera and projector.
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4/24/11 2 19 TH CENTURY Chapter #12 19 th Century 1896 Thomas Edison introduces the Vitascope 1900s Chapter #12 New Moviemaking George Melies ` s A Trip to the Moon (1902) Edwin S. Porter ` s The Great Train Robbery (1903) The Great Train Robbery 1900s Chapter #12 Changes Development of film narrative Multiple shots New editing techniques Scenery Special effects 1900s Chapter #12 Changes in moviemaking led to larger audiences and specialized exhibition places, e.g., nickelodeons.
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4/24/11 3 1900s Chapter #12 Low costs and silent films (no language barrier) attracted booming immigrant populations 1908 - 12 Chapter #12 Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC) Control over the supply of materials for movies and exhibition. Prohibitions against listing actors ` names on screens. 1908 - 12 Chapter #12 MPPC rules Film stock provided only to licensed members of MPPC. Movies no longer than 10 minutes. No actor names on screen. 1908 - 12 Chapter #12 Immigrant-run companies prospered by breaking MPPC rules. MPPC dissolved in 1917 for antitrust violations. 1908 - 12 Chapter #12 Immigrant-run companies – The Majors Columbia Pictures Paramount Warner Brothers Universal Twentieth Century Fox Metro-Golden Mayer
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4/24/11 4 1920 - 1950 Chapter #12 Strategies used by majors Vertical integration Studio system Adoption of self-regulation 1920 - 1950 Chapter #12 Vertical integration The studio controlled moviemaking facilities (production), distribution, and theaters (exhibition) in the 1920s - 1950s Chapter #12 Studio System Star system – find and cultivate actors for long-term contracts. Division into A and B movie units
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Jadsadjfkl during the Spring '11 term at Aquinas.

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Chapter 12 Lecture (1) - 4/24/11 19th Century Chapter 12...

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