Chapter 4 - Functional Group Notes

Chapter 4 - Functional Group Notes - PHOSPHATES CARBONYL...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
FUNCTIONAL GROUPS STRUCTURE  Non-ionized             Ionized EXAMPLE CLASS  NAME HYDROXYL • Polar • Hydrophilic • Found in SUGARS X  ETHANOL                            GLYCEROL ALCOHOLS CARBOXYL • Polar • weak acid • hydrophilic               ACETIC ACID AMINO ACIDS SUGARS FATTY ACIDS CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AMINO • Polar • Weak base • hydrophilic              UREA                    AMINO ACIDS         AMINES SULFHYDRYL • Form disulfide        bridges • Help stabilize        tertiary structure     of proteins   X                                              Cysteine THIOLS PHOSPHATE • Polar • Acid • hydrophilic • Important in     energy transfer Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) PHOSPHOLIPIDS DNA  ORGANIC
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: PHOSPHATES CARBONYL • Polar • Hydrophilic at end of C chain X FORMALDEHYDE SUGARS ALDEHYDE in middle of Cchain X ACETONE SUGARS KETONE METHYL • Non-polar • Hydrophobic X FATTY ACIDS OILS WAXES ∙ Each functional group behaves consistently from one organic molecule to another. ∙ Number and arrangement of functional groups help give molecules their unique properties EX: TESTOSTERONE (a male sex hormone) and ESTRADIOL (a female sex hormone) are both steroids with same fused four ring structure but different functional groups attached to the rings result in different functions...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 2

Chapter 4 - Functional Group Notes - PHOSPHATES CARBONYL...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online