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Unformatted text preview: STRUCTURE CELL WALL composed of CHITIN Fungal Body made of threadlike FILAMENTS = HYPHAE Hyphae form mass called MYCELIUM H yphae divided into cells by walls (SEPTA) In some fungi, hyphae may not have septa = MULTINUCLEATE cells Mitosis of nucleus occurs without cytokinesis CAN BE BENEFICIAL Drugs -: penicillin; other antibiotics Food- mushrooms, truffles, morels yeast makes bread/beer/champagne CAN CAUSE DISEASE PLANTS: rust and smut REPRODUCTION ASEXUAL BUDDING in yeast Mycelium can make HAPLOID (1n) SPORES by mitosis spread by wind or water; grow into new mycelium SEXUAL Hyphae/nuclei from two different mating strains fuse DIPLOID (2n) ZYGOTE undergoes MEIOSIS to make HAPLOID (1n) SPORES SPORES produced BOTH sexually and asexua lly! ANIMALS: ringworm, athletes foot...
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