organic chem - C C = C – C-| | | H H H H H | | H H H |...

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Organic Compounds Compounds that contain carbon # carbons prefix 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 meth- eth- prop- but- pent- hex- hept- oct- non- dec-
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Names & Formulas molecular formula : ex: C3H8 structural formula : - C – C – C - | | | | | | H H H H H H H H condensed structure : CH3CH2CH3
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a) alkanes CnH2n+2 butane CH3CH2CH2CH3 Classes of Organic Compounds methane CH4 - C - H H | | H H ethane C2H6 - C – C - H H | | H H | | H H CH3CH3 - C – C – C – C- | | | | | | H H H H H H H H | | H H C4H10 Suffix: -ane
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b)alkenes
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Unformatted text preview: - C - C = C – C-| | | H H H H H | | H H H | Name = butene ex 2: C5H10 Ex 3: hexene propene C6H12 Suffix: -ene carbon-carbon double bond d) alcohols R-OH CH3OH c) alkynes CnH2n-2 C2H2 CH=CH-- C -H OH | | H H R= a hydrocarbon group Name = ethyne Name = methanol Suffix: -yne carbon-carbon triple bond The name of the alkane chain loses the terminal "e" and adds "ol"...
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