Inequality Within the New Deal

Inequality Within the New Deal - Onyale Donloe TA Justin...

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Onyale Donloe TA: Justin Norris Inequality within the New Deal Critics on the left have disputed that the New Deal did not grant Americans equal access to aid. These criticisms about the New Deal are fair because the New Deal did indeed benefit some Americans more than others. Although the New Deal did benefit many people in the United States, some programs excluded different groups of Americans while providing support and aid to others. Due to this exclusion, the New Deal reinforced existing inequalities between men and women, black Americans and white Americans, and farmers and industrial workers. To begin with, Franklin Roosevelt was elected in 1932, amidst the fall of the American banking system. Roosevelt had promised to confront the crisis “frankly and boldly”. Franklin Roosevelt’s plan to provide government aid had two parts: the New Deal and the Second New Deal. The root of the New Deal experiment consisted of two programs: the NIRA and the AAA. The NIRA, also known as the National Industrial Recovery Act, brought business leaders together to write out codes to promote “fair competition” within their industries. These codes acknowledged workers’ rights to set up unions, established production restrictions, arranged salaries and working conditions, and prohibited pricecutting and deceptive competitive actions. With these policies in place, it was believed that consumer spending would rise and allow industries to hire more workers. The AAA, or the Agricultural Adjustment Act, was a program that offered payments for reducing the production of crops in order to curb excess farm production and raise the decreasing crop prices. In some states, like the Dakotas, the money received from government payments was a majority of total farm income for 1934. The New Deal also included relief programs in which federal dollars were used to put Americans to work and to allow them to earn a fair wage. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) employed young
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men to work on government projects. The CCC employed 2.5 million men and the Civil Works Administration employed 4 million people. The Public Works Administration (PWA) was another relief agency that was a part of the New Deal. This program allocated 3.3 billion dollars
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