Psych 350 - Chapter 6 Notes

Psych 350 - Chapter 6 Notes - 1. Culture and the Self o...

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1. Culture and the Self o Cultures that promote an independent, individualistic self also promote and encourage reflection about the self. It is a good thing to think about yourself. o In collectivistic cultures an interdependent conception of the self prevails. The interests of the group are supposed to come first which means it's not all that great to think highly of yourself because you threaten the harmony of the group because you could go for your interests and not the groups' interests These children learn to "mute" their self-esteem and learn to consider the needs of others The self is defined by relationships with others 2. Self-Conceptions o More Abstract As children age they describe themselves less in concrete terms and then describe their traits From "I have a dog named Chloe" to "I am smart and very loyal" Ideal self - person the adolescent would like to be Feared self -person the adolescent images it self able to become but doesn't want to be Both are only ideas This may be troubling because your actual self & ideal self aren't the same. If the difference is large may lead to feelings of failure, inadequacy, and depression Discrepancy is greater in midadolescence o More Complex Self understanding becomes more complex Try to sort out the "real me" from the aspects of themselves that they display in different situations Become aware that they are showing a false self - a self they present to others while realizing that it does not represent what they are actually thinking and feeling Most dislike putting on a false self Some degree of false self is acceptable & even desirable to impress someone or to conceal aspects of the self they do not want others to see 3. Self-Esteem o Self-esteem is a person's overall sense of worth and well-being o Self-image, self-concept, and self-perception are all closely related terms referring to the way people view and evaluate themselves o In 1960s and 70s self esteem enhancing programs became popular b/c if they made them feel better about themselves it would have a positive effect on other aspects of functioning such as school achievement and relationships with piers o Americans value self-esteem more than other countries, even more so than other western countries o Self-Esteem From Preadolescence Through Adolescence
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Adolescents develop the capacity to image that others are conscious of Adolescents in western cultures are strongly peer-oriented and value their opinions But peers also develop new capacities for sarcasm and ridicule The majority of adolescents self esteem were high or increased slightly African americans have higher self-esteem than other ethnic groups White Americans have higher self-esteem than Latinos, Asian Americans, or Native Americans Asian Americans often have the lowest self esteem when compared with
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Psych 350 - Chapter 6 Notes - 1. Culture and the Self o...

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