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Psych 350 - Chapter 8 Notes

Psych 350 - Chapter 8 Notes - 1 Peers and Friends o Peers...

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1. Peers and Friends o Peers are simply people who have certain aspects fo their status in common o Friends - persons with whom an individual have a valued, mutual relationship 2. Family & Friends o Adolescents move away from family and towards friends o Depend more on friends for companionship & intimacy o Talking Prefer parents for issues with education and occupation Preferred friends for personal issues o Parent's influence Choose where to live, send to school, attend religious services all influence their kids' peer network Engage in active management of their friends by approving/disproving of friends Also by parenting practices o Emotional States with Friends: Higher Highs, Lower Lows When with friends they had a high positive mood Lower mood when with parents Feel free and open with friends, accept you for who you are Most negative moods with friends o Family & Friends in traditional Cultures Less involvement with family & greater involvement with peers Substantial gender differences in relationships with peers and family More family oriented 3. Developmental Changes in Friendships o Intimacy in Adolescent and Emerging adult Friendships Intimacy - degree to which two people share personal knowledge, thoughts, and feelings Need for intimacy comes around age of 10, get a close friend, a "chum" Helps develop perspective taking Honest evaluation of each others merits and faults Rate trust and loyalty as more important Friends won't talk behind your back o Intimacy & Adolescent Development Thinking becomes more abstract and complex Think & talk about more abstract qualities in their relationship: Affection Loyalty Trust Newly aware of all the complex webs of alliances and rivalries that exist and who they can talk to about each Girls have more intimate friendships than boys Girls spend more time talking than boys and place a higher value on talking together as a part of their friendship, are also more likely to say they trust and feel close to their friends Boys emphasize shared activities such as sports or hobbies
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These may result in socialization since girls are encouraged to share their feelings Intimacy is more important to boys though too 4. Choosing Friends o Similarity plays a large role Similar in age, gender and other characteristics Also educational orientation, media and leisure preferences, participation in risk behavior and ethnicity o Adolescent friends tend to be similar in educational orientations including attitude towards school, levels of educational achievement, and educational plans Also in college this is seen o Preference for same Media and Leisure activities Like same kinds of music, wear same style of clothing, prefer to do same things with time Make relations between friends smoother and help them avoid conflict o Risky Activities Resemble each other in the extend to which they drink, smoke cigarettes,
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Psych 350 - Chapter 8 Notes - 1 Peers and Friends o Peers...

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