Childhood Obesity Paper - Childhood Obesity Ashley Akin...

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Childhood Obesity Ashley Akin Cathy Cousar ENG 122 December 13, 2011
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Childhood Obesity Overweight and obesity are the result of “caloric imbalance”-too few calories expended for the amount of calories consumed-and are affected by various genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors (Daniels, 2005; Dept. of Health and Human Services, 2010). Childhood obesity has increased at an alarming rate over the past twenty years. Nearly one in five children are battling this condition today. If patterns predict the future, within the next twenty years, almost all children of America will be living with heart disease, diabetes, and dying younger due to obesity. Most causes of childhood obesity are not enough exercise and too much television. Children need to be active at least 60 minutes a day and drink eight ounces of water a day to maintain a healthy weight. On top of the exercise, children need to be eating the right amount of foods and have a balanced nutrition. Genetics also plays a role in childhood obesity because genes determine how your body stores and burns fat. Obesity is something you don’t want anyone in your family to struggle with. Childhood obesity can have immediate and lifelong health effects. Some immediate effects can range from cardiovascular disease to high blood pressure. Obese children are at greater risk of getting bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and psychological problems. The lifelong effects that obese children can range from adulthood obesity, type 2 diabetes, and several types of cancer. Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk for many types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, gall bladder, thyroid, ovary, cervix, and prostate, as well as multiple myeloma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Kushi, 2006).
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