week 4 lecture notes

week 4 lecture notes - Two wrongs make a right fallacy -...

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Two wrongs make a right fallacy - Justifying a wrong by pointing to a similar wrong - Traditional name is tu quoque – “you ʼ re another” - Arguers of this tend to imply opponents are hypocritical - Though we get outraged with actions of our accusers, their hypocrisy does not justify our failures 1. Fghting Fre with Fre 3 - We feel justiFed in Fghting one evil by doing another evil - Is the second wrong needed to counteract the Frst one? 2. common practice - a justiFcation that someone or others are doing the same wrong also - “Everyone is doing it”
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3. traditional wisdom - a wrong justifed on the grounds that it Follows a tradition or accepted practice. - Practices that once made perFect sense no longer do because oF changing circumstances or increased knowledge - traditional belieFs need to be reevaluated and changed when Found wanting - Every change brings with it risks that may not have been calculated correctly - “Tradition is a guide, not a jailer” Examples: Exercise 4.1 26. When John Bolton was nominated For the position oF
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week 4 lecture notes - Two wrongs make a right fallacy -...

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