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The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth

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Lower Yangtze- most developed part of China center= Shanghai, economically most important city in China 10% total pop 21% of China’s GDP higher incomes and urbanization rates than any other part of China richest part of China- well above national avg Yangtze River Delta- great river deltas of world, wet rice cultivation 7% of China’s arable land 10% of crop output Manchuria (Northeast) abundant natural resources- iron ore, coal, and petroleum = heavy industry 9% of total pop 17% of arable land 10% of GDP high levels of agricultural mechanization, exporter of good grains and soybeans to rest of China Shenyan= industrial center in recent years, struggled bc of declining role in transition away from nationally planned govt North + Lower Yangtze + Northeast. .. 46% of China’s pop 51% of farmland 55% of GDP Northeast has lost dominance in transition to Lower Yangtze
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Unformatted text preview: Middle Yangtze - Hubei, Hunan, and Jiangxi ● entered reform era at avg levels but have lagged rapidly growing coastal regions ● 13% of tot pop 9.5% of GDP ● irrigated and intensely cultivated: 10% of arable land 14% of crop value ○ produces primarily grain ● Wuhan = major urban center Sichuan/Upper Yangtze (+Yunna-Guizhou plateau) ● fertile and densely populated ● two provinces= Chongqing municipality and Sichuan province 118 mil people ● no way in or out of basin due to surrounding mountains ● Three Gorges Dam across Yangtze ● extensive economic ties to Yunnan-Guizhou plateau → all together, 4provinces make up Southwest China region ● dense pop and common low income ○ GDP per capita = ½ national avg ○ 15.5% of total pop 8.5% of GDP...
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