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The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth

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shortage of water limits pop potential Eastern: 94% of pop east-southeast of line- “monsoon” china, water is very abundant pop density = 260 people/kil 2 (6x world avg) Agricultural potential: only 15% of land is arable good agri land lies in fertile plains and valleys of major river systems adapted to land scarcity w/labor intensive agril that wrests more total food grain from soil than any other country 1.2- Climate and Water Monsoon ensures lots of water in southeast and much less as it moves northwest in bad years, monsoons too weak to cross over to Yellow Rivery valley Yellow River- northern china, massive demands very long, 4800 kilometers but only moderate total volume withdrawals take all available water and very often reaches sea dry Yangtze- only slightly longer than Yellow but carries 20x as much later
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Unformatted text preview: ○ flows abundantly year round ● Pearl River- 6x as much as Yellow 1.3- Provinces and Regions ○ 22 provinces, 4 municipalities under national supervision, and 5 autonomous regions of ethnic minorities: all have province rank ● Henan- most populous, 97mil ● Tibet- smallest, 2.7mil Microregions ○ North China Plain ● largest flat land area in China, contains ¼ of total farm land and ¼ of total pop ● Beijing= urban center of North China and along w/sister city Tianjin, total pop= 20mil ● outside of beijing and tianjin, predominantly rural w/large villages spread thickly ○ many not irrigated so rely on unreliable rains ○ primary crop= wheat ● 27% total pop 30% of industrial output and 31% of crop output for entire nation (pretty avg) ○...
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