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The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth

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Geographical Setting Basics: lots of rugged land, more inhospitable land most of china= hills, mountains, high plateaus, broken by river valleys and a few plains and basins only 25% of China is less than 500 meters above sea level compared to 60% of N.America and 80% of Europe historically a nation of farmers but only small proprotion of land is arable western part very underdeveloped compared to east only single seacoast and not particularly accessible → no sea-commercial tradition southern part= rugged and hilly north (btwn Yangtze and Shandong Peninsula)- low and swampy w/few good harbors meant that there was never a large seagoing/sea-commerical tradition lack of coastal orientation → late start in economic modernization 1.1 Landforms 3 steps of elevation- tilt from west to east 1. Tibetan Plateau- a. avg 4000+ meters above sea level
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Unformatted text preview: b. world’s highest mountains 2. series of plateaus and basis a. elevation btwn 1k and 2k meters b. northwestern China, northern- Inner Mongolian Plateau + Loess Plateau, and southwestern- Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau 3. plains and low hills of eastern China a. elev generally below 500 meters b. even low mountains create barriers to north-south transport Most important rivers- all flow west to east 1. Yangtze (Changjiang) 2. Yellow (Huang) 3. Pearl (Zhujiang) Western vs. Eastern- line from Aihui (northeast prov of Heilongjiang) to Tengchong (southwest prov of Yunnan) divides area of China in half West of line: only 6% of population ● west-northwest of line- pop density= 11 people/kil 2 ( ¼ worlds avg) ○ Tibetan Plateau contains ¼ of land area of China but <1% of pop ○ total northwest= 4.5% of pop...
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