History English Language

History English Language - A Language Like English LIN200...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
A Language Like English LIN200 Dr. Julia R. Weisenberg Stony Brook University Week One (Part 1)
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is language? Language is the primary by which human beings communicate. We use it to express a range of emotions, topics from the mundane to highly technical We use it to maneuver through our social relationships. We use it to reason
Image of page 2
What is language? It can be used with ourselves (self-talk, mind thoughts) or with others. One undeniable fact is that living languages change over time (spoken and signed). We can’t prevent this type of evolution, whether through personal defiance or political legislation
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is linguistics? The field of linguistics systematically investigates the structure of languages and their uses. Linguistics have never ceased looking for the answer to the evolution of the world’s languages, and how languages change and spread. Historical linguists can trace language histories to create family trees of languages (genealogies)
Image of page 4
Time Line of English
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Loan words (borrowings) Loan words are foreign words that become part of the borrowing language. Often the pronunciation and/or meaning gets altered in the process. Can you think of any words in English that are borrowed from other languages?
Image of page 6
Loan words vigilante – from Spanish futon – from Japanese beef - from French ( boeuf , meaning cow)
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Celtic words: (500BC-43BC) Few Celtic words have lived on in the English language. Many British place names have Celtic origins: London, Dover , Kent , & the rivers Thames (/temz/) Roman words: (43BC-c.450AD) Many words from this era are those coined by Roman merchants and soldiers. These include win (wine), candel (candle), belt (belt) and weall ( wall). Historical Influence
Image of page 8
Anglo-Saxon Words: (449AD) Approximately 1/3 of Anglo-Saxon vocabulary survives into modern English, including many of our most basic, everyday words: earth, house, food, sing, night and sleep . By the 7th century Latin speakers refer to this country as Anglia - the land of the Angles - a name that will later develop into England . Latin (from missionaries) (597AD) Many of the new words derived from Latin refer to religion, such as altar, mass, school , and monk , but others are more domestic and mundane such as fork, spade, spider, tower , and rose .
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern