History English Language

History English Language - A Language Like English LIN200...

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A Language Like English LIN200 Dr. Julia R. Weisenberg Stony Brook University Week One (Part 1)
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What is language? Language is the primary by which human beings communicate. We use it to express a range of emotions, topics from the mundane to highly technical We use it to maneuver through our social relationships. We use it to reason
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What is language? It can be used with ourselves (self-talk, mind thoughts) or with others. One undeniable fact is that living languages change over time (spoken and signed). We can’t prevent this type of evolution, whether through personal defiance or political legislation
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What is linguistics? The field of linguistics systematically investigates the structure of languages and their uses. Linguistics have never ceased looking for the answer to the evolution of the world’s languages, and how languages change and spread. Historical linguists can trace language histories to create family trees of languages (genealogies)
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Time Line of English
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Loan words (borrowings) Loan words are foreign words that become part of the borrowing language. Often the pronunciation and/or meaning gets altered in the process. Can you think of any words in English that are borrowed from other languages?
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Loan words vigilante – from Spanish futon – from Japanese beef - from French ( boeuf , meaning cow)
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Celtic words: (500BC-43BC) Few Celtic words have lived on in the English language. Many British place names have Celtic origins: London, Dover , Kent , & the rivers Thames (/temz/) Roman words: (43BC-c.450AD) Many words from this era are those coined by Roman merchants and soldiers. These include win (wine), candel (candle), belt (belt) and weall ( wall). Historical Influence
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Anglo-Saxon Words: (449AD) Approximately 1/3 of Anglo-Saxon vocabulary survives into modern English, including many of our most basic, everyday words: earth, house, food, sing, night and sleep . By the 7th century Latin speakers refer to this country as Anglia - the land of the Angles - a name that will later develop into England . Latin (from missionaries) (597AD) Many of the new words derived from Latin refer to religion, such as altar, mass, school , and monk , but others are more domestic and mundane such as fork, spade, spider, tower , and rose . Historical Influence
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History English Language - A Language Like English LIN200...

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