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708-728 q10

708-728 q10 - James Yang Pg 708-728 1 Trace the progressive...

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James Yang Pg 708-728 1. Trace the progressive movements and achievements around the world. Why did America lag behind? Progressive movements in European countries along with New Zealand, Australia, and Brazil, began in the 1880’s, granting workers rights and more suitable hours. Germany had sickness, accident, and disability insurance by the 1880’s, and a decade later Denmark followed in its footsteps. In the 1890’s Great Britain had workmen’s compensation, and by 1911, unemployment insurance was granted, and paid for all by public funds. America in these years worked for similar goals, with labor unions and strikes; however, they lagged behind due to national discordance. Unlike European cities, the American ones contained immigrants from different countries that were separated by language barriers, and actual barriers, each nationality forming its own neighborhood. Also, America had a complicated court system required any reform battles to be dealt with first at local and state levels before it was to be met nationally. This made it three times as difficult compared to other nations. 2. Why was child labor, one of the most disturbing social injustices, also one of the most difficult to reform? For social reformers one of the most repulsive things to witness was child labor. Children underwent the same harsh and brutal treatment that other factory workers experienced, resulting in widespread disapproval. However, reforming child labor was made especially difficult because many believed that it would build character for them to work. Even government officials thought this way, because many of them grew up in rural areas where they began work at an early age. For social reformers to succeed, they needed to convince these same government officials that how they worked as children was no longer acceptable. Not only that, children faced similar difficulties as adults, because the businesses owners reaped large sums of money from their workers and had influence in the government that progressive leaders wished to reform. The wealthy factory owners had many relations with the government, so the reformers were forced to battle the owners, along with the government, along with antiquated ideals.
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3. How did the contending that women are fundamentally weaker than men both help and hinder the women in society? Thinking short term, the belief that women could not work long hours and lacked the endurance of men helped the women because they were required to do less. The woman reformers were satisfied because the Supreme Court and most state courts passed protective legislation that limited their hours. The fact that companies were forced to offer new protections to women, although many found ways around it, was momentous
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708-728 q10 - James Yang Pg 708-728 1 Trace the progressive...

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