Trace the progressive movements and achievements around the world. Why did America
Progressive movements in European countries along with New Zealand, Australia, and
Brazil, began in the 1880’s, granting workers rights and more suitable hours.
had sickness, accident, and disability insurance by the 1880’s, and a decade later
Denmark followed in its footsteps.
In the 1890’s Great Britain had workmen’s
compensation, and by 1911, unemployment insurance was granted, and paid for all by
America in these years worked for similar goals, with labor unions and
strikes; however, they lagged behind due to national discordance.
cities, the American ones contained immigrants from different countries that were
separated by language barriers, and actual barriers, each nationality forming its own
Also, America had a complicated court system required any reform
battles to be dealt with first at local and state levels before it was to be met nationally.
This made it three times as difficult compared to other nations.
Why was child labor, one of the most disturbing social injustices, also one of the most
difficult to reform?
For social reformers one of the most repulsive things to witness was child labor.
Children underwent the same harsh and brutal treatment that other factory workers
experienced, resulting in widespread disapproval.
However, reforming child labor was
made especially difficult because many believed that it would build character for them to
Even government officials thought this way, because many of them grew up in
rural areas where they began work at an early age.
For social reformers to succeed, they
needed to convince these same government officials that how they worked as children
was no longer acceptable.
Not only that, children faced similar difficulties as adults,
because the businesses owners reaped large sums of money from their workers and had
influence in the government that progressive leaders wished to reform.
factory owners had many relations with the government, so the reformers were forced to
battle the owners, along with the government, along with antiquated ideals.