Aristotle's Metaphysics-4

Aristotle's Metaphysics-4 - Aristotle(384/3-323/22...

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Aristotle (384/3-323/22) Aristotle, one of the greatest minds of the classical period, was brought up in an aristocratic household in Macedonia. When he was around 18 he went to Athens to study with Plato at the Academy where he remained for 20 years until Plato’s death in 347. For the next 12 years Aristotle travelled widely conducted research, got married, returned to Macedonia to tutor Alexander the Great, and apparently did a great deal of thinking. In 335 he returned to Athens and set up his own school – the Lyceum. This marks a period of intense intellectual activity for Aristotle and most of his written works date from this period. These treatises on just about everything imaginable – physics, logic, theology (metaphysics), psychology, poetics – were apparently no meant for public consumption, but probably represented Aristotle’s mature thought on the various subjects. For our purposes we want to survey a few of Aristotle’s major ideas that were most important to the works we are reading. One of Aristotle’s fundamental ideas is that everything can be categorized as either a substance or what he calls an accident. A substance is any individual entity or thing that you can point to – a person, a tree, a cup, a table etc. Accidents are qualities that a substance has that distinguish one substance from another – color, size, shape, location, etc. The substance is what is essential to a thing and the accidents are inessential. So substantially or essentially all people are the same but they differ accidentally – height, weight,
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course SF II Social Fou taught by Professor Johnross during the Spring '12 term at NYU.

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Aristotle's Metaphysics-4 - Aristotle(384/3-323/22...

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