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Outlineeeee - Dan Guerra Assignment 2: The Future of Urban...

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Dan Guerra Assignment 2: The Future of Urban American 10/18/10 TA: Ingrid Word Count: 1496 Today’s competitive global market has caused major shifts in the economic structure and population centers of the Untied States. In the early 20 th century, the advent of the assembly line spurred an industrial economy driven by mass production. This caused a migration of people from rural to urban centers where factories were located. Rising income coupled with the affordability of Henry Ford’s automobile lead to the rise of suburbia. There became a greater separation between home and work, as people were able to travel farther to get to work. In recent decades however, new players such as China and India entered the global market producing competitive good at a lower cost. With this competition, the US economy since shifted much of its focus to design and technology. Industrial cities like Detroit and other “Rust Belt” cities have taken a blow to their livelihood, as cities based around one industry are being forced to adapt to the changing market. The United States’ economy “no longer revolves around simply making and moving things”(Florida, 2009, pg 10), and as a result there has been reshuffling of urban and suburban life across the US as industries adjust. The early 1900s witnessed a major boom in suburbia. This separation of work and home was desirable, as the cities “of the early and mid-20th century were dirty, sooty, smelly, and crowded, and commuting from the first, close-in suburbs was fast and easy.” (Florida, 2009, pg 10) Expansion to the suburbs worked nicely, as corporations began opening more “green-field locations that featured cheaper land and labor.” (Florida, 2009,
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pg. 10) “Housing, meanwhile, became an ever-more-central part of the American Dream: for many people, as the recent housing bubble grew, owning a home came to represent not just an end in itself, but a means to financial independence.” (Florida, 2009, pg 10) This overflow of suburban expansion worked fine with the growing manufacturing sector, until around 1950. According to Florida (2009): Since 1950, the manufacturing sector has shrunk from 32 percent of nonfarm employment to just 10 percent. This decline is the result of long-term trends- increasing foreign competition and, especially, the relentless replacement of people with machines-that look unlikely to abate. But the job losses themselves have proceeded not steadily, but rather in sharp bursts, as recessions have killed off older
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Outlineeeee - Dan Guerra Assignment 2: The Future of Urban...

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