com 262 study guide

com 262 study guide - CHAPTER 2: Epistemological...

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CHAPTER 2: Epistemological Approaches : = a way of knowing from different approaches and tools Two most popular= scientific (quantitative) and humanistic (qualitative/critical) Qualitative- based on scientists opinions and perceptions Quantitative- scientific method, research, examine facts- without distorting the findings by personal feelings, prejudice, and interpretations- relies on large samples – can also be humanistic if it follows the scientific method Scientific Method : four steps Theories- a proposed explanation for how a set of natural phenomenon (observable event) will occur capable of making about the phenomenon for the future, and capable of falsified through empirical observation Helps us make predictions Predictions/ Hypotheses- hypotheses (the conclusion that occurs at the end of a series of propositions) propositions confirm or deny things Two types of prepositions- conditional or hypothetical prepositions that consist of two primary parts- antecedent (if statement) and consequent (then statement) =IF I was born in America, THEN I am American If the antecedent is true then the consequent is true Hypothetical prepositions allow us to form arguments through syllogism (logical argument involving results) of two premises and a conclusion- major premises= all men are mortal, minor premises= Socrates is a man, conclusion= therefore Socrates is a mortal Observations: testing the hypothesis created in the previous step- one that directly allows
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com 262 study guide - CHAPTER 2: Epistemological...

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