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Unformatted text preview: Order and Hegemony in International Politics- Lecture 1 The State System 30 Years War: Habsburgs, led by its King Gustavos Adolphus and supported by France. Sweden and France have same goal: if Habsburgs Control Germany, their independence is imperiled. Who Won- Treaty of Westphalia Victory for German Princes, France, and Sweden Over: Gave Individual Princes in Holy Roman Empire: the Right to Govern their Land Free of External Interference. Keep any Land They Had Confiscated From Church Enabled Other States (France, Sweden) to Maintain Independent Decision Making. Significance Contemporary International State System Created By this Conflict. Emergence of the Modern State: Need to Extract Resources to Fight Led to Centralization of Political Authority and Growth of State Power. State Sovereignty: o Internal: State holds monopoly on coercive force. o External: State has right to conduct internal affairs free from foreign intervention. Thus Created the Anarchic State System We Have Inhabited Ever Since. The Problem of Order Anarchy- o How is Power Organized? o Inside countries, power is organized hierarchically. the state holds a monopoly on coercive violence. Judicial and police Military State uses monopoly on coercive violence to enforce compliance with rules. o In the International System, power is organized anarchically. No supra-national entity has a monopoly on coercive violence. No supra-national entity can enforce compliance with rules. Order Order: the set of social arrangements and institutions (political, economic, and other) that make productive interaction possible. Two Layers of Order o General Conditions that Must be Established. Physical Safety Property Rights Contract Enforcement o Detailed Social Arrangements that give Specific Form and Content to a Particular Order. Order Makes Other things Possible. How do we get order? The Distribution of Power o Dimensions of Power Economic: Income, Wealth, Technology Military Expenditures o Global Distributions of Power Multipolar Bipolar Unipolar or Hegemonic Hegemony and World Order: Readings: Barnett and Goldstein and Bull In this article, Joshua Goldstein (professor emeritus of international relations at American University) addresses several common claims related to war and the global impact of war. 1. The World is a More Violent Place Than It Used to Be. Goldstein opposes this statement and attributes the notion of a violent world to more readily available information about wars, not more wars. He compares predictions of 3 million war deaths per year worldwide in the 21st century to the actual results of fewer war deaths, about 55, 000 per year, in this past decade than any decade within this century....
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