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Lecture 6-Socio Emotional Development in Infancy

Lecture 6-Socio Emotional Development in Infancy -...

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Socio-Emotional Development in Infancy Lecture 6 January 30, 2012
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Overview Erikson’s theory of personality development Emotional developmental milestones Attachment theory Romanian Institutional Rearing § Video § Article for paper #1 Temperament
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Birth to year 1 Psychosocial conflict : trust vs. mistrust Conflict is resolved positively if, on balance (parents  don’t need to be perfect. As long as on average and  consistent) , caregiving is sensitive, responsive, and  consistent.  Conflict resolved negatively if caregiving is not sensitive  (or if parents are not on balance/consistent. Kids  become not trusting).  Years 1 - 3 Psychosocial conflict:  autonomy vs. shame & doubt  (Terrible two’s). Child wants to do everything by  himself. (ie. Would you like to brush your teeth with a  hello kitty or snoopy brush. Give choice still gives kids  with sense of independence).  Conflict is resolved positively if parents handle  Erikson’s Theory of Early Personality Development
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Emotional Development Birth – pleasure and distress Basic emotions interest, happiness, anger, fear, sadness) –  are experienced by people worldwide and consist of three  elements § A subjective feeling § A physiological change (ie. increase in heart. Interest often has a  decrease in heart rate).  § An overt behavior (Often this is a facial expression) Basic emotions all develop in the first year Focus on two important emotions: § Happiness (pic. To the left) § Fear: (pic. To the right) 
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Emotional Development cont. Happiness  - binds parent & baby; fosters  competence among the parents (parents  see the kid smiling and parents feel they  are doing something right) § Reflexive smile - not in response to  external stimuli § Social smile (~2 mos) - occurs in  response to other faces. At 6 mos.,  babies begin to smile at individual  ppl they know better.  Fear   § First appears 7-8 mos.  § seen in  stranger anxiety   (7-8 mos) -  an expression of fear in response to  unfamiliar adults 
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Emotional Development: The Next Level Emergence of self-conscious emotions § Between 18-24 mos.  § Examples:  embarrassment, guilt,  pride (takes more time b/c it requires  for you to understand the world  more) § Self-evaluative component -involves  injury to or enhancement of sense of  self Understanding and responding to the  emotions of others § Social referencing  (~ 1 yr) =  checking back and monitoring a  caregiver’s expression for cues as to  how to behave in a potentially  dangerous situation (ie. if a child is  playing and looks back at parent and 
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Development of Attachment Attachment   - An enduring  socioemotional relationship between  infant and caregivers.  (biological and  enviornmental interaction). 
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