Lecture 2 - Socio-Emotional Development in Early Childhood...

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Socio-Emotional Development in Early Childhood Lecture 8 February 8, 2012
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Overview Preschooler tasks and goals § Erikson’s stage of initiative vs. guilt § Self-awareness and self-esteem Play! Family socialization § Discipline § Video § Parenting styles and their effects Gender role development § What happens when § How it happens
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Developmental task (Erikson) =  Initiative vs. Guilt  (3-5 yrs) (Conflict that must be resolved) § Conflict around desire to take  initiative and guilt about initiatives  that are met w/ criticism and hinder  others (ie. when son was 5 and  daughter was 2, they started to  throw stuffed animals down the  laundry chute. Son decided to tie  daughter at the bottom and pull her  up). § Successful resolution:  purpose  – a  balance betw one’s initiative and  willingness to cooperate with others 
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See foundations of  self-awareness  - the way we  think about ourselves as people  § Younger children Ø External factors Ø Very concrete (ie.I have long hair, I can run fast, I’m tall) § Older children   Ø Compare with others (ie. “I’m the 2nd fastest kid in my class) Ø Psychological traits (ie. I’m a kind person) Ø Qualified (they’re not so absolute. It’s no longer I’m the fastest runner in my class. It’s more like I’m a kind person when my
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See emergence of  self-esteem  – Evaluating oneself  as either “good” or “bad” as a result of comparing  self to other § Preschoolers are very positive! § Ie. while driving on the highway, son looks out the  window and says, “I can bike this fast!”
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Rough-and-tumble play – shoving, wrestling, and  hitting, but in which no actual harm is intended;  characteristic of boys. Fantasy (pretend) play – making up and acting out  a scenario. Alone or in parallel w/ one another.  Collaborative pretend play – Fantasy play in which  children work together to develop and act out  scenes. § Theory of mind 
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Ward during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 2 - Socio-Emotional Development in Early Childhood...

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