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10instruments11 - The Study of Musical...

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The Study of Musical Instruments (organology) Musicology 139
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Sound-producing objects Size/shape Some imitative of voice Some more flexible than voice Played alone/groups
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Greek Initially wind-activated or struck (includes strings) Greco-Roman system - strings, winds, percussion Music exerts power over humans
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Greek associations Apollo and kithara Dionysus and aulos
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Hindu system Recorded in 1 st c. B.C.E. Material: l strings, l winds l percussion (wood, metal) l percussion (skin heads)
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Hornbostel and Sachs Classifcatory system (1914) Based on 3 parts: l Starter l Vibrator/oscillator l Resonator/amplifier
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Idiophones Sound produced by vibrating of instrument itself Includes l Rattles, claves, etc. l Glass l Human body l Other l Angklung l kolitong
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Membranophones Sound produced by stretched membrane Includes l Drums l Friction drum – cuica of Brazil l Tuned drums – taganing of Indonesia l Kazoos
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