15socialmovements11 - Musicology 139 Music and Social...

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Musicology 139 Music and Social Movements
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Social movements n Collective phenomena with symbolic resources that seek societal change n Music is a common symbolic resource – Common – collective – Symbolic –multilayered; not always discerned by state – Resource – re-usable in different contexts by different people; flexible
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Nationalism and social movements n May be congruent or at odds n May be supported by populace or elite n Harness beliefs about what nation should be
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Protest music • Increases cohesion of group • names enemies negative traits and movement s virtues • Helps transform negative self-concepts of group hidden transcripts (James Scott)
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South America
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Chile (don’t memorize) n capital: Santiago n low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east n population: 16,888,760 (July 2011 est.) n ethnic groups: white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2% n religions: Roman Catholic 70%
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Background n Salvador Allende s Marxist government (1970-1973) n Overthrown in coup led by Augusto Pinochet n freely elected president installed in 1990.
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Nueva canción (new song) n Developed first in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay during the 1950s and 60s n Non-elite movement? n Tried to define genre of songs – with profound musical/textual meaning – rooted in country s rural folklore – to revalidate traditional lifeways of marginalized – instilled with sense of renewal
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Violeta Parra n Initiator of movement, though not the first to collect (1950s) n Song collector and performer n Travelled internationally n Founded La Carpa de la Reina (The Queen s Tent) in 1965 as center of folklore
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Parra as composer n Composed with spirit of folk music n Mixed instruments from different parts of Chile n Added universal appeal – Lightened form – Modified poetic meter – Experimented with harmony
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course MUSICOL 139 taught by Professor Castro during the Fall '11 term at University of Michigan.

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15socialmovements11 - Musicology 139 Music and Social...

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