Neoplatonism-4

Neoplatonism-4 - Neoplatonism As the name would suggest...

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Neoplatonism As the name would suggest Neoplatonism (sometimes written as Neo-Platonism) is a school of philosophy that is descended from Platonism. Although not recognized as an independent school of thought until the appearance of the philosophy of Plotinus (205-270 A.D.) and his principal work The Enneads , Neoplatonism had a long and checkered career since at least the first century B.C. A number of authors, including Cicero (106 B.C.- 43 B.C.) and Philo Judaeus (20 B.C. -50 A.D.) could be considered Neoplatonic thinkers. For some, from the time of Plotinus until the old ‘pagan’ schools were closed by the Christian emperor Justinian (500 A.D.), Neoplatonism was regarded more as a religion than a philosophy (although the people of the time tended to blur this distinction). In this regard Neoplatonism was seen as a competitor to Christianity, Judaism and Gnosticism since they all focused on the purification and the salvation of the soul. Gnostic cults claimed possession of a secret knowledge (gnosis =knowledge) that led to salvation, while the Neoplatonists
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course SF II Social Fou taught by Professor Johnross during the Spring '12 term at NYU.

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Neoplatonism-4 - Neoplatonism As the name would suggest...

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