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1. Alexandria- Served as Ptolemic’s administrative headquarters; important port in Mediterranean 2. Zoroastrianism- Persian religion that influenced later religions such as Christianity & Islam 3. Assyrians- Southwest Asia people who built an empire that reached its height in 7 th -8 th 4. Ashoka- ruler of Mauryan Empire; fair & humane ruler; India became well integrated after his reign 5. Augustus- “Octavian”; ruled for 45 years; monarchy disguised as republic; ruled by centralizing political and military power; reorganized military system 6. Bhagavad Gita- poetic work known as illustrating expectations Hinduism made as individuals and the promise of salvation that it held out to them 7. Etruscans- Northern Italian society that initially dominated the Romans; helped convey Greek concepts to the Romans 8. Hebrews- Semitic speaking nomadic tribe influential for monotheistic belief in Yahweh 9. Hittites- destroyed Babylonia; created 3 man chariots; powerful army 10. Indra- Indian god associated with Aryans; King of gods; associated with warfare & lightning 11. Magadha- most important state in Northeastern Asia; gained control of Indian commerce 12. Mahayana Buddhism- Indian religion; attracted converts from wealthy classes; flourished because of educational institutions that promoted the faith 13. Manichaeism- faith derived from prophet Mani; blend of Zoroastrianism, Christian, and Buddhism; No meat, no pre-marital sex, no fine clothing 14. Mencius- principal spokesman for Confucian school 15. Minoan- society located on the island of Crete; influenced Mycenaens 16. Mithras- Persian god closely identified with the sun and light 17. Monsoon- governed sailing and shipping in the Indian ocean 18. Old Kingdom- great Pharoh power; pyramids built 19. Period of Warring States- violent last centuries of Zhou Dynasty; decentralized political system; nomads invade from west 20. Pericles- Athenian leader 21. Philip II of Macedon- built powerful military; conquered Greece 22. Pater Familias- Roman term for “Father of the Family” 23. Punic Wars- Roman wars with Carthage 24. Sati- Indian practice of a widow throwing herself on the funeral pyre of her husband 25. The Silk Roads- ancient trade routes that extended from the Mediterranean to China 26. Solon- Athenian aristocrat; devised solution to class conflict in Attica 27. St. Augustine- Bishop of North African city of Hippo; worked to reconcile Christianity with Greek and Roman philosophical traditions 28. The Trojan Wars- Mycenaen’s conflict with Troy in Anatolia; recalled in “The Iliad” 29. The Gracchi- attempted to pass land reform legislation in Ancient Rome that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians. 30. Shang- Followed the Xia Dynasty; oracle bones
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course HISTORY 20 taught by Professor Professorruiz during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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