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The Trickster of Seville

The Trickster of Seville - Allison Taylor History 129A Teo...

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Allison Taylor History 129A- Teo Ruiz May 16, 2011 The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest was written by Tirso de Molina and was reportedly first published in Spain around 1630. Molina was born in 1571 and became a famed Spanish dramatist, poet, and a Roman Catholic monk. He entered the Monastery in 1601 and was ordained a priest by 1610. After being sent on a mission to the West Indies around 1615, he returned to Europe two years later and began competing in literary tournaments and wrote extensively for the church. In his life, Tirso created many famous works. The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest is still known to be one of the earliest dramatizations of the Don Juan legend. Since this legendary tale started being told in as early as the 14 th Century, “Don Juan” has come to be frequently used synonymously with the word “womanizer.” In the story, Don Juan is a rogue who is never physically described and who takes great pleasure in and whose main goal is to trick women by sexually seducing them. “Why, for her love I’m almost dying. I’ll have her now, then scamper flying-“ (251). He preys on unsuspecting women and deceives them by pretending to be someone they should love and trust. However, he is not interested in the actual act of sex, real love, or seducing women on his own, he gets his jollies from the deviousness of his acts. The women never sense his malicious betrayal until it is too late. Throughout the play, the unrelenting womanizer seduces a total of four women, Isabela, Tisbea, Ana, and Aminta, who all eventually have to try and regain their lost honor after succumbing to Don Juan’s sexual foolery. With every woman, Don Juan is the “guest” in
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the scene in the sense that he is openly invited into the women’s private space; he never physically forces himself upon them. Don Juan manipulates the women until they completely give into him. His seductive tactics are strong enough and powerful enough that he makes the women surrender to their feelings, whether it is out of passion, lust, love, or greed. Don Juan’s first victim is the Duchess Isabela. With Isabela, who he promises to marry, Don Juan’s counterfeit humbleness and his ability to have an immediate recognition of the King’s personal weakness is what rescues him from severe punishment after deceiving the Duchess. Tisbea, an apparently contemptuous fisherwoman who openly prides herself on being not liable to the love of a man, saves Don Juan and his servant from a shipwreck and immediately falls deeply in love with him. Parallel to
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