Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Understand the different forces on an...

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Chapter 2 Understand the different forces on an organization 1) Political forces- the influence of political and legal institutions on people and organizations 2) Social forces- the aspects of a culture that guide and influence relationships among people-their values, needs, and standards of behavior. 3) Economic forces- forces that affect the availability, production, and distribution of a society’s resources among competing users. Know the meaning of classical perspective -a management perspective that emerged during the 19 th and early 20 th centuries that emphasized a rational, scientific approach to the study of management and sought to make organizations efficient operating machines. Know the meaning of scientific management and be able to identify its’ founder. Scientific management -a subfield of the classical management perspective that emphasized scientifically determined changes in management practices as the solution to improving labor productivity. The “father of scientific management” was Fredrick Winslow Taylor. Please review exhibit 2.2 page 47. Know the meaning and importance of bureaucratic organizations- a subfield of the classical management perspective that emphasized management on an impersonal, rational basis through such elements as clearly defined authority and responsibility, formal record keeping, and separation of management and ownership. It is important because it provides a standard way of doing things and treats everyone equal, allowing everyone to know what the rules are. Review and understand Exhibit 2.3, page 49 (below) Elements of Bureaucracy 1- Labor is divided with clear definitions of authority and responsibility that are legitimized as official duties. 2- Positions are organized in a hierarchy of authority, with each position under the authority of a higher one. 3-
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Understand the different forces on an...

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