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Study Guide Chapter 3

Study Guide Chapter 3 - endocrine glands 4 Timing of...

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Study Guide Chapter 3 1. Two Patterns of Growth : Cephalocaudal pattern- Head to tail’, Development occurs from top to bottom, Head à jaw; vision à crawling Proximodistal pattern- ‘Near to far’, Development begins at center of body and moves outward, Trunk of body à hands; hands à fingers 2. Main Physical Changes : 3. Pubertal Development: Puberty - period of rapid physical maturation involving hormonal and bodily changes during early adolescence ; Physical : Boys- increase in height, voice changes, growth of body hair; Girls- enlargement of breasts, growth of body hair, growth in height, widening of hips, menarche, Weight gain, Growth spurt; Hormonal : Interactions between structures in the endocrine system play role in puberty, Hypothalamus- eating and sexual behavior, Pituitary gland-controls growth, regulates glands (gonads), Gonads- testes/ovaries- give rise to pubertal changes; appearance of secondary sex characteristics; Hormones - powerful chemical substances secreted by the
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Unformatted text preview: endocrine glands 4. Timing of puberty matters. Opposite for males and females, early puberty for males tends to be more positive than negative. Correlation between late maturation and high success rates For females its negative because you’re seen more in a sexual way. .get more of she’s a whore blah blah, cognitive thinking is not there, they can’t think their action through Maturing on the same rate is the best way 5. Brain Structure: 2 hemispheres- left and right, Forebrain- top portion of the brain, Cerebral cortex: 80% of brain volume, Important to perception, thinking, language, Each hemisphere has 4 lobes: Frontal (voluntary thinking, movement, personality), occipital (function in vision), temporal (motor control, spatial location), parietal (active role in hearing, language processing) lobes, Deeper in brain: Hypothalamus, pituitary gland, amygdala, hippocampus 6. 7. 8....
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  • Summer '11
  • Study Guide Chapter, rapid physical maturation, center of body, Main Physical Changes, Hormones- powerful chemical

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