Ed Psych 321 Exam 1

Ed Psych 321 Exam 1 - EdPsych321Exam1 19:21...

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Ed Psych 321 Exam 1 19:21 Growth and Development  Growth =increment  Development = change over time (includes increment but also decrement) Gaining and losing things (ex: fantasy, logic, risk taking increases) Nature vs. Nurture  Nature =cant control Nurture = product of environment Organismic vs. Mechanistic  Organismic = human is so complex that it cannot be looked at like a machine Soul, spirit? Extremely abstract Mechanistic = strong nurtured view, measure something that is abstract View organism as a machine    Discontinuous vs. Continuous  Discontinuous =clear cut stages Continuous = gradual, adding on more + more experience  Qualitative vs. Quantitative Changes Qualitative = change in structure, kind, or organization the change from a nonverbal child to one who understands words and can communicate  verbally Piaget Child w/ monsters under bed, to in tune w/ reality to thinking abstractly (near 13-14)
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Quantitative = a change in number or amount Adult just has more experience than a child More continuous approach  Active vs. Passive Active = engage + actively  Participating in the changes of their body  How we interact (how were going to memorize) Passive Body going through puberty, product of environment/body Body dictates the changes, 8 yr old wants breasts Skinner, Pavlov (controlled response =have  to do it) Reinforcement comes from outside world  Normative vs. Idiographic Normative = not based on experience, makes no difference Idiographic = their culture, individual, unique experiences P.13   Extremely                                                                           extremely  Biological                                                                            environmental Biosocial Ex: G. Stanley Hall
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Infancy   Animal, no self control (important for survival) Childhood   Hunter (around 8), learning skills, strategies Pre-Adolescence   Savage, hormones are starting Adolescence   “Sturm und Drang”, storm + stress, breaking into adulthood Trying to break free of our biology, starting to take an active role in life/body Striving to become civilized Nature Organismic Discontinuous Qualitative Normative Theory of Recapitulation  “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny” Ernest Haeckel We are passive in dev. b/c it’s nature doing the work Evolutionary past pushing us through stages Organismic  Ex: Freud, Erikson (boys=sticks, girls=containers,boxes), Piaget (constructivism =  cognition)
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course ED PSYCH 321 taught by Professor Amybellmore during the Spring '10 term at Wisconsin.

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Ed Psych 321 Exam 1 - EdPsych321Exam1 19:21...

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