pastoralistnotes

Pastoralistnotes - PASTORALISTS Domestication of animals provides following things 1 Food milk butter meat 2 raw materials wool for making cloth

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PASTORALISTS Domestication of animals provides following things 1. Food- milk, butter, meat 2. raw materials- wool for making cloth, bone for making tools, skin for leather 3. traction for pulling loads and plowing 4. burden for transportation of loads 6. Ritual sacrifice. Definition of pastoralism- the raising of livestock on natural pasture unimproved by human intervention. Thus it requires movement. Pastoral pattern marked by moving from animal hunting to herding Pastureland can be regulated by controlled burning and clearing of forests Pastoralists differ by type of animal and their adaptations to rainfall, topography, temperature, geography, and plants. They seek to minimize detrimental forces and maximize favorable ones Livestock is a mobile resource, often involves considerable distance in response to pasture needs and predators. Strategies for overseeing livestock 1. permenant stability of main residential group 2. coordinated movement of both residential group and livestock –nomad strategy Pastoralism is mostly associated with permanent, stable communities or fully nomadic communities. Each pattern has consequences. First strategy leads to subcultures and independence. Second leads to commonality but less independence. Most pastoralists societies raise more than one species. This gives wide range of products and flexibility in cashing in for trade with small livestock. Provides security from disease that hits
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2012 for the course ANTHRO 225 taught by Professor Earle during the Spring '09 term at Northwestern.

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Pastoralistnotes - PASTORALISTS Domestication of animals provides following things 1 Food milk butter meat 2 raw materials wool for making cloth

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