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ART HISTORY FINAL TOPICS American Renaissance: Eakins – Late 1800s 1) Os-ce-o-la, The Black Drink, A Warrior of Great Distinction, by George Catlin ́ Osceola was kept in captivity MORE 2) Pigeon's Egg Head: Going to and Returning from Washington, by George Catlin Articulates Catlin’s personal agenda. You see two images of the same Indian. He has come to Washington in ceremonial dress and left in colonial dress. He was corrupted by white civilization. Woman’s fan with an umbrella shows his lack of knowledge and understanding of western ways. This project was driven by the desire to freeze in time the “disappearing race.” He believed Native Americans would be extinct. He wasn’t interested in natives that had been in contact with whites, because he thought they had been corrupted. 3) Merritt Barber Negotiating with Pa-Bo for the Sale of a Ledger Book, by Pah-Bo Through trade, natives have access to accounting books that they use as sketchbooks. This shows a negotiation taking place between a Chief and a US Army captain for the purchase of ledger books. Thus, Indians played an active role in adapting to their conditions. They adapted through art about their experience that they sold to white people. The animals indicate the Indians’ names. There exists no more authentic Indian type; they all assimilated. There is an indebtedness to the traditional ways of working. 4) The Fog Warning, by Winslow Homer This is a man who has been in deep waters fishing. A storm is about to hit and it looks like he’s not going to make it. This comes to characterize Homer’s work – fatalism. He often shows people in peril, and shows people who are in danger and might not make it. New Yorkers liked Homer’s work because it appealed to their outdoorsy nature and was a sign of masculinity. He portrayed himself as a manly man who lives on the coast of Maine. 5) Right and Left, by Winslow Homer One of Homer’s last paintings. It is related to “Inviting a Shot before Petersburg.” Two ducks have just been released, one has been hit by a shell: fatalism.
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American Renaissance, part 2: civic spaces; women artists 1) The Strike, by Robert Koehler This was reproduced as a centerfold in Harper’s Weekly in 1886, which gave a nod to the reasonableness of the demands of laborers. This is a crowd of workers coming directly from the factory to the front porch of the owner’s house, where he speaks to them. This was not how it happened at all. The woman in the front middle is pleading with her husband not to go on strike, because families of strikers suffered the most (gender politics). The suggestion is that male laborers as well as factory owners need to take into account the needs of families and women and children (moral message) 2) The Police Monument, by Johannes Gelert Sculpture of the Haymarket Affair, in Chicago, when a bomb killed a police officer and six others were killed too. Civilians were killed as well, and mayhem ensued. Then the police arrested and tried 8 labor organizers in Chicago. 4 were
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