chapter9

chapter9 - 9-1Operations Operations...

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Unformatted text preview: 9-1Operations Operations ManagementManagementLayout StrategyLayout StrategyChapter 9Chapter 99-2OutlineOutlineStrategic Importance of Layout Decisions.Fixed-Position Layout.Office Layout.Process-Oriented Layout (Flow graphs).Retail Layout.Warehouse Layout.Product-Oriented Layout (Assembly line balancing).9-3What is Facility LayoutWhat is Facility LayoutLocation or arrangement of everything within & around buildings.Objectives are to maximize:Utilization of space, equipment, & people.Efficient flow of information, material, & people.Employee morale & safety.Trend is towards flexible and dynamic layouts.9-4Facility LayoutFacility LayoutHelps achieve competitive advantage:Better, faster, cheaper.Determines productivity, cost, quality, flexibility, image, etc. May involve a blend of strategies.9-5Six Layout StrategiesSix Layout Strategies1. Fixed-position layout.For large unique projects such as ships and buildings.2. Office layout.Positions workers, equipment, and spaces/offices to provide for movement of information and material.3. Process-oriented layout.For low-volume, high-variety production.9-6Six Layout Strategies - continuedSix Layout Strategies - continued4. Retail/service layout.Arranges facility and allocates shelf space in light of customer behavior.5. Warehouse layout.Addresses trade-offs between space utilization and material handling.6. Product-oriented layout.For repetitive or continuous production.9-7Layout StrategiesLayout StrategiesProject(fixed-position)Job Shop(Process-oriented)OfficeExamplesProblemIngal Ship BuildingPittsburgh AirportShouldice HospitalOlive GardenAllstate InsuranceMicrosoftMove material to limited storage areas at the site.Manage varied material flow for each product.Locate workers requiring contact close to each other.9-8Layout StrategiesLayout StrategiesRetailWarehouse(storage)Repetitive/Continuous(Product-oriented)ExamplesProblemKrogers SupermarketFamous-BarrFederal-Moguls WarehouseThe Gaps distribution centerSonys TV Assembly LineDodge CaravansExpose customer to high-margin items.Balance cost for storage and material handling.Equalize the task time at each workstation.9-9Requirements for a Good LayoutRequirements for a Good LayoutUnderstand capacity and space requirements.Understand information flows.Understand cost of people and product flows.Select appropriate material handling equipment.Consider environment and aesthetics.Consider safety and regulations.9-10Constraints on Layout ObjectivesConstraints on Layout ObjectivesProduct/service design.Volume of business.Process equipment & capacity....
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chapter9 - 9-1Operations Operations...

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