Unformatted text preview: The “experimenter effect” in ESP The presence of skeptical experimenters affect the ‘psychic’ – renders the psychic untestable Freud’s wish-fulfillment theory of dreams All dreams are unconscious fulfillments of some desire Tend to rely on anecdotes rather than controlled evidence (e.g., alien abduction reports) “the plural of anecdote is not fact” who knows if the anecdote is representative of the majority? Lack “connectivity” with other scientific disciplines (e.g., astrology) Lack of replicability (e.g., ESP) None of these features by itself guarantees the presence of a pseudoscience> But when several of these features are present, be skeptical....
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- Spring '11
- Psychology, possess superficial appearance, (lie detection)