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Psychology and Uncommon Sense

Psychology and Uncommon Sense - are invaluable safeguards...

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Psychology and Uncommon Sense 13:52 Why do perceptions matter? Prefrontal lobotomies are examples of scientists being fooled Change Blindness (Dan Simons) – demonstrates that our perceptions of the world often aren’t accurate – we can easily be fooled Gorilla/curtain/player experiment When you are looking for something specific, you can miss something else We cant always trust our initial perceptions, impressions, or gut hunches – “common sense” is often a flawed way of understanding human nature NAÏVE REALISM – the belief that the world is exactly as we see it Psychological research teaches us that naïve realism is in error We need scientific thinking skills to protect us against naïve realism How can we distinguish science from pseudoscience (fake science)? SCIENTIFIC THINKING : a set of tools that help protect us from being fooled
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Unformatted text preview: are invaluable safeguards against error, not only in psychology but in everyday life 8/31/10 Our intuitions regarding psychological phenomena are not always a trustworthy guide to the validity of these phenomena “Common sense is not especially common.” – Voltaire The human brain evolved to maximize the chances of genes to be passed down – didn’t evolve to understand itself Science is not merely “common sense” – in fact, science often requires us to think contrary to our common sense. Science is uncommon sense (Cromer, Wolpert) Mark twain – “science involves unlearning as well as learning” Opposites DO NOT attract… DON’T always go with your hunch on a test Dyslexia is not just reordering words or numbers How does science help us safeguard us from common sense?...
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