Chapter 8 - Chapter8:ThinkingandReasoning 17:41 THINKING:...

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Chapter 8: Thinking and Reasoning 17:41 THINKING: any mental activity or processing of information including learning, remembering, perceiving, communication, believing, and deciding Cognitive Economy – Imposing Order on Our World Heuristics: Mental Shortcuts Availability heuristic: judge the likelihood of an event on the basis of how easy it is to generate an example Confirmation bias: seek evidence that fits with, rather than contradicts, what we believe Cognitive economy allows us to simplify what we attend to and keep the information we need for decision making to a manageable minimum Top-Down Processing Our brain’s tendency to simplify our cognitive functioning by using preexisting knowledge CONCEPTS: our knowledge and ideas about a set of objects, actions, and or characteristics that share core properties SCHEMAS: concepts we have stored in memory about certain actions, objects, and ideas that are related to each other; help us organize events Decision Making: Choices, Choices, and More Choices
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Chapter 8 - Chapter8:ThinkingandReasoning 17:41 THINKING:...

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