phil- take home exam 1

phil- take home exam 1 - Susan Martinez May 20, 2010...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Susan Martinez May 20, 2010 Concepts of Human Nature First Take Home Exam Section One: What is Glaucon’s story of the Ring of Gyges supposed to show? Is it successful? Why or why not? Glaucon’s story of the Ring of Gyges was supposed to show the barbarian in each human . The story was of a shepherd boy that happened to find an invisibility ring after a violent thunderstorm . After he realized that the ring had such great power, he took on the job of messenger to the king . Once arriving at the king’s palace, he used the invisibility to seduce the king’s wife, plotted with her to kill the king, killed the king, and took over the kingdom . This story went on to support Glaucon’s claims of justice . Glaucon’s premise of justice was that justice was unwilling . For example, if there were two rings of invisibility, and one was given to a stereotypical just man and the other to a stereotypical unjust man, the two men would revert to both acting unjust; for justice is only done in the presence of others, but is lacking in the absence of people . Glaucon goes on to argue, “Now, no one, it seems, would be so incorruptible that he would stay on the path of justice or stay away from other people’s property, when he could take whatever he wanted from the marketplace with impunity, go into people’s houses and have sex with anyone he wished, kill or release from prison anyone he wished, and do all the other things that would make him like a god among humans” (360 b – c Book II, The Republic) . The fact that the shepherd boy displayed
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
these unjust qualities proves to show that with power, individuals will abuse it to its fullest potential regardless of whether it is just or not, for personal gain . In this aspect of justice being unwilling, I find it to be true . The reason for this is because people are psychologically egotistic . Psychological egoism is defined as people acting in their own self-interest because people are selfish and self-interested . Psychoanalytic theorist, Sigmund Freud, believed that personality was broken up into three complex sections that we gain as we grow and experience life; id, ego, and superego . Humans are born with the id. The id is based off of the pleasure principle and meets the needs of the person in regards to whatever feels good at the time being, without thought or consideration . The superego is the polar opposite of the id, as it is the most honorable and just person humans can be . Because of the superego, humans are known to have a conscience and feel guilt as a result of unjust acts . The ego in this structural personality model is the mediator between the two conflicting ideologies
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course PHIL 0010 taught by Professor Kim during the Summer '10 term at Pittsburgh.

Page1 / 7

phil- take home exam 1 - Susan Martinez May 20, 2010...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online