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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Physical Anthropology Midterm 3 Study Guide 2008 You are responsible for all of the assigned class readings, recitations, lecture material and videos from the Genus Homo until the final video on Tuesday. You should focus on material that appears in both the text and lectures, although some questions will be gleaned from the lectures, readings and videos only. The exam will be short answer and essay. Bring a calculator and read the essay questions completely before answering. Please print or write very clearly on your essay answer. It is always better to write more rather than less and be sure to discuss your points rather than just list them. Key Terms and Topics from text, lecture, recitations from which questions will be based on: Homo habilis handy man- Louis Leakey 1960s put pieces together- 1.8 mya- Large cranium 630 cc, cranial bones are thinner- Small teeth- Fragments things were scattered and commingled with robustus remains- Olduwan tools were found with individual (could fashion those tools and brains) real ancestor because of this Olduwan culture adaptation to environment, expanding food range, variation in tools Richard Leakey Koobi For a, 1968 flight spotted site because thought it was interesting, son of the other Leakeys Koobi For a:- Small brain, human face, and teeth- Globular skull - 1.9 mya- Parabolic archaic- Small 3 rd molars Eugene Dubois went on first fossil expedition- found first hominid out of Africa in Trinil, Java (1891)- found Homo erectus Homo erectus new bodies- new tools [?]- larger bodies- 800,000- 850 cc- Type specimen Trinil 2 Shovel shaped incisors usually asian or native American ancestry Acheulean culture associated with sophisticated technology and more sophisticated than Olduwan tools a diversity in their functions Trinil Dubois found a human molar, a partial skull, and a femur- The partial skull braincase too large to be an ape and too small to be a modern human which indicated one of the first human ancestors Intro to Physical Anthropology Midterm 3 Study Guide 2008- Fully bipedal - Femur identical to modern humans- Pithecanthropus erectus Biface two-sided stone tool Nariokatome (Turkana) boy 1985- Discovered by Leakey and Walker- West Turkana, Kenya- 1.6 mya- 900 cc- Thin bone- 8 – 11 years old- Longer legs than arms- 5’6”- Modern Stride- Problem? gender Dmanisi, Georgia 1991 – present- 1.7 – 1.8 mya- 600 – 780 cc- Little people? 4’11” [?]- Olduwan- Was H. habilis the first hominid out of Africa?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2012 for the course ANTH 0680 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.
- Fall '08
- Physical Anthropology