FINAL EXAM REVIEW

FINAL EXAM REVIEW - The ballroom of the Catherine Palace in...

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Unformatted text preview: The ballroom of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) ger Marble Palace built by Luigi Vanvitelli 's pupil Antonio Rinaldi . of the Horatii (1784-85) is not just neoclassical in subject. Rococo From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A style of 18th century French art and interior design , Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. It was largely supplanted by the Neoclassic style. North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo- carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. The word Rococo is seen as a combination of the French rocaille , or shell, and the Italian barocco , or Baroque style. Due to Rococo love of shell-like curves and focus on decorative arts, some critics used the term to derogatively imply that the style was frivolous or merely fashion; interestingly, when the term was first used in English in about 1836, it was a colloquialism meaning "old-fashioned". However, since the mid 19th century , the term has been accepted by art historians . While there is still some debate about the historical significance of the style to art in general, Rococo is now widely recognized as a major period in the development of European art. The Rococo Basilica at Ottobeuren (Bavaria): architectural spaces flow together and swarm with life Naturalism In art, the accurate, factual representation of people, places, and objects. Taken to the extreme, the most realistic painting is trompe l'oeil art ( Painting that gives a convincing illusion of three-dimensional reality. As an artistic technique, it has been in common use in most stylistic periods in the West, originating in classical Greek art.), which intends to trick the eye into believing an object is real. In the 19th century a French literary movement, led by the novelist and social reformer mile Zola, greatly influenced art theory, claiming that naturalism challenged the conventional distinctions between high art, previously classed as beautiful, and low art, regarded as unseemly and ugly. Although the terms realism and naturalism can be interchangeable when referring to accurate representation, the term Realism also refers specifically to a mid-19th-century art movement. Neoclassicism From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Neoclassical ....
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FINAL EXAM REVIEW - The ballroom of the Catherine Palace in...

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