Experiment 2 paper

Experiment 2 paper - Running Head COLOR IN THE PERCEPTUAL...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Running Head: COLOR IN THE PERCEPTUAL SYMBOL THEORY The Role and Implications of Color in the Perceptual Symbol Theory Valerie Udeozor University of Pittsburgh Abstract The perceptual symbol theory postulates that mental representation of a given object parallels that object as one’s perception of it is stored in memory (Barsalou, 1999). Thus, an implication of the perceptual symbol theory is that physical similarity of a presented object to one’s mental
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Running Head: COLOR IN THE PERCEPTUAL SYMBOL THEORY representation of that object facilitates recognition of it. This experiment was designed to evaluate whether the physical characteristic of color, as opposed to black and white, facilitates the process of object recognition. Twenty-nine participants were presented with the following three, one at a time: a picture of an object, a fixation, and a follow-up sentence. After another fixation, a question was asked about the picture initially presented. Thirteen participants were presented with pictures in black-and-white, while the other sixteen were presented with pictures in color. Results showed that, although the response times were generally faster for those who viewed colored pictures than for those who viewed black-and-white pictures, this speed incongruity was not statistically significant (F (1, 27) = 1.386, p = .249 ). This may indicate that color is not an important accessory to the perceptual symbol theory. However, it does not disprove that other physical characteristics contribute to one’s mental representation and recognition of an object. The Role and Implications of Color in the Perceptual Symbol Theory Still in the midst of a long-standing debate, the perceptual symbol theory presents a promising argument for the science behind the integration of perception and cognition. In an
Background image of page 2
Running Head: COLOR IN THE PERCEPTUAL SYMBOL THEORY extensive review by Barsalou (1999), he explains that perceptual symbols are schematic subsets of “perceptual states,” which are extracted via selective attention and stored in long-term memory. Whilst explaining how perceptual symbols are “modal,” i.e. represented by the same systems as the perceptual states that produced them, Barsalou uses the example of color. However, neither his review nor other studies of the perceptual symbol theory have set out to determine the importance of color in object identification. Knowing whether a specific physical characteristic, namely color, facilitates mental representation of objects can help to solidify the perceptual symbol theory as an accurate depiction of this cognitive process. The primary theory in opposition to the concept of perceptual symbol systems is that of amodal symbol systems. According to amodal theories, the relationship between a symbol and its referent is arbitrary. In other words, upon viewing an object, we represent parts of that object that are not visible (Nanay, 2010). In a review of perceptual symbols in relation to taxonomy comparison, Chen (2001) elucidates some complications of amodal theories. According to Chen,
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 14

Experiment 2 paper - Running Head COLOR IN THE PERCEPTUAL...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online