American Government - chapter 4

American Government - chapter 4 - Civil liberties Civil...

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Civil liberties Civil liberties – areas of personal freedom with which governmentsa are constrained from interfering These constitute the rights enumerated in the Bill of Rights enforeced through Courts in order to guard against the power of the majority often employed in government Little Bill of Rights and other amendments may also include some civil liberties Civil rights Legal or moral claims that citizens are entitled to make upon government to protect them from the illegal actions of other citizens and government actors Obligation imposed on government to take positive action to protect citizens Role of vo ernment grew – no longer simply protecting “opportunity” but responsibility for providing it Two types of liberties Substantive liberties – restraints on what the government shall and shall not have the power to do Procedural liberites – restraints on how the government is supposed to act
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