American Government - chapter 11

American Government - chapter 11 - Political parties...

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Political parties Organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices Discussed in Federalist 10 o Madison “by faction I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community” Pluralism Solution proposed by Madison is pluralism o Pluralism: theory that all interests are and should be free to compete with one another for influence in the government by which the outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation In reality, groups do not have equal resources or access to government Two party system Special interest influence on government is not clearly understood Political parties Outgrowths of the electoral process o Take their structure from the electoral process o For every district where an election is held, there should be some kind of party
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American Government - chapter 11 - Political parties...

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